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The "Language Network" is an approach to show language similarity based on the Levenshtein distance, a string metric for measuring the difference between two words.
In this case, we compare the full dictionary set of a language A against a language B for those words sharing the same meaning. For example:
|Word in language A||Word in language B||Distance||Similarity|
|house (en)||Haus (de)||2||0.33|
|kocsi (hu)||coche (es)||3||0.25|
|ecouter (fr)||listen (en)||5||0.17|
|zahllos (de)||innumerabilis (la)||10||0.09|
|sparga (hu)||Spargel (de)||2||0.33|
|ermozura (lad)||hermosura (es)||2||0.33|
|observar (es)||observar (ca)||0||1.00|
|brusc (dlm)||brusco (it)||1||0.50|
The accumulated similarity for all compared words is what we then call "language similarity". Languages which do not use Latin script have been romanized through transliteration.
This has been possible thanks to: